Saturday, January 9, 2016

Queensland 1st sidefaces on cover

For letters not exceeding half an ounce within the same town the rate was 1d. Within the colony it was 2d. Every additional half ounce was an extra 1d. in the same town and an extra 2d. in the colony. Letters to all other colonies within Australia were charged 2d.

Covers addressed to the United Kingdom and franked with these stamps show a variety of routes. From Brisbane mail could be sent North up the coast to Thursday Island, through the Torres Strait which separates Australia from New Guinea, and thence to Suez OR it could be sent South down the coast to Sydney and Melbourne and hence to Suez. On arrival at Suez it could pass through the Mediterranean to Gibraltar, the Bay of Biscay and to a Channel port, the so called ‘direct sea route OR from Suez it could go to Brindisi, overland through Italy and France, ending with a short Channel crossing to London, the so called ‘short sea route’. Other mail was sent from Brisbane to Sydney for onward transmission to San Francisco via New Zealand to be followed by an American overland journey and an Atlantic crossing to reach England. Whichever way was chosen it was first necessary for inland mail to reach Brisbane or to intercept a mail shipping route and this journey within Queensland might well add three weeks to the overall transit time.

During the period there were changes in the postal rates which can be shown only on covers bearing the 1879 issue. From 1876 the rate via Brindisi had been 8d. for a single weight letter but for a few weeks at the beginning of 1880 this was decreased to 7d. Covers bearing this rate are rare. In March 1880, the Imperial Post Office, without consultation with the colony, decreed that the ‘direct sea route’ was to be abandoned and that all mail would be routed via Brindisi at a 6d. rate. This had been the rate for the ‘direct sea route’ and initially it would appear that some letters still went by this longer route. At one stage the Queensland authorities introduced a 4d. rate via Torres and the ‘direct sea route’ but this was not recognised by the Imperial Post Office and covers are scarce.

Covers of any kind are not all that common. They have not been preserved to the same extent as the Chalon covers and they precede by some fifteen years the plentiful covers of the Tattersall era.

Covers are shown by value. When more than one value is on a cover, it is listed under each value

1d stamp duty 1st Sideface on covers

Here are 1st sideface covers with 1d stamp duty stamps. For other covers with other values and for information on postal rates and sea routes, see here


A beautiful front with a horizontal strip of six,postmarked Normanton 27 August 1880, addressed to Mr Robert Campbell care of Mrs Boyd. Seen at Grosvenor Auctions no 55 lot no 45, 19 May 2010.Philatelic usage as another example from Normanton dated 18 June 1880 exists (below)


Horizontal strip of six, postally used on cover, dated 18 June 1880 from Normanton to England, backstamped at Townsville and Leeds. Ex Maxwell Hayes and Francis Kiddle. Auctioned at Millennium Philatelic Auctions no 46 lot no 284


Posted at Wooloongabba, Brisbane on 23 April 1892 to Fred Hagen in Sydney. Barred numeral cancellation no 472. Fred Hagen at the time was president of the Sydney Philatelic Club. Given this and the late date, this is a philatelic cover. Ex Butler

1 shilling 1st Sideface on covers

Here are 1st sideface covers with 1s stamps. For other covers with other values and for information on postal rates and sea routes, see here

Paid all to New York from Brisbane dated November 1881. Seen on the Queensland Stamp Collecting Facebook group

6d 1st Sideface on covers

Here are 1st sideface covers with 6d stamps. For other covers with other values and for information on postal rates and sea routes, see here


1882 (23 Aug.) envelope from Brisbane "via Melbourne & Suez" to England, bearing 1d. (2), 2d. (2) and 6d. (2) cancelled with sunburst "ql" and c.d.s., Oundle arrival c.d.s. (9.10) on reverse; a couple of small imperfections though an attractive double rate franking. Auctioned by Spink in October 2012 here

1882 (25 Oct.) envelope from Normanton "via Torres Straits" to London, bearing 4d. orange-yellow and 6d. green most unusually cancelled by "registered/normanton." in red and by London Registered oval d.s. (27.12), despatch c.d.s. at foot; an early example of the new registration handstamp being used as a cancellation, and the only example recorded struck in red. Auctioned by Spink in October 2012 here

A selection of 6 first sideface covers auctioned by Spink in October 2012 here


From Surat to Ireland with a 4d yellow 1st sideface and 2 x 6d green 2nd sideface stamps. Appears to be dated 1882 and cancelled with numeral 110


An undated OHMS part-front to London with Crown/Q 1/- purple Perf 12 & First Sideface 6d green. Seen at Phoenix Auctions no 19 lot no 725


Dated 24 March 1882. Brisbane to Sheffield, England. Seen on Stampboards


Dated May 1882. Brisbane to Sheffield, England. Seen on Stampboards


Brisbane 17 April 1880 to San Francisco. Seen on Ebay


1 July 1881 cover to Italy bearing 1st Sideface 1d and 6d tied by indistinct rays '120' of Cambooya with datestamp alongside, backstamps of Brindisi and San Remo, minor blemishes, an example of the single ½oz rate. Seen at Millennium auctions no 45 lot no 393


Dated Sandgate 1880 to England tied with a 6d green. Ex Weytenburg


Cavendish Auction 662 Lot: 2229 QUEENSLAND. UNDERPAID PACIFIC-ROUTE COVER TO G.B. WITH SCARCE BOXED "INSUFFICIENTLY/PRE-PAID" MARK; 21 July 1882 env. to London "Via San Francisco" franked by Queensland 1882 6d green tied by unclear numeral matching the fair "R[?]OPERS PLAINS" c.d.s. on the front, which was overstruck by a mostly very fine (Brisbane?) boxed "INSUFFICIENTLY/PRE-PAID" mark; endorsed "Left..." with Oct. 1882 London c.d.s.'s and London diamond-framed "IS/1" Inspector's mark on the reverse. No charge appears to have been invoked, so presumably the letter was sent by the slower (cheaper) route. Rare thus. Ex Major Tapp


6d. Thursday Island Sideface issue, Ray type 1 c (5.5 mm) with a red numeral and date cancel to England. Dated 26 April 1881. Seen on the cover of James W. Turnbull, The postal history and postal markings of Thursday Island

From Ipswich to England via Brindisi, dated July 16 1881, barred numeral 87 on a 6d green

Mount Cotton to Brisbane August 2 1882, 8d of stamps, for a 4 ounce envelope

From Bogantungan, Numeral 248, dated 19 December 1881 to Liverpool, England via Melbourne and the Suez Canal, 10d postage comprising 2 x 2d and 1 x 6d deep green stamp

Paid all from Brisbane to New York. Seen on the Queensland Stamp Collecting Facebook group 

Dalby to England too late cover, 9d mixed franking, dated 7 October 1882



6d Sideface strip of 3 (1/6d for 1-1½oz), cancelled with illegible numeral, to England, unframed 'NOR[TH P]INE/1881/JA13/QUEENSLAND' (B2) on face. Seen at Premier Postal auction no 83 lot no 1881




6d from Bogantungan, barred numeral 248, dated December 1882, to Liverpool, England via Brindisi. Seen in Smithies



6d from Brisbane dated 24 November 1882 to Mr Friederich Abbott, 18 Hamilton Gardens, St Johns Wood, London via Torres Straits

6d from Brisbane dated 23 December 1880 to Mr F Lawrence, Bridewell Police Station, New Bridge Street, London, England via San Francisco. Seen on Ebay

7 April 1882 6d cover from Cloncurry to England with ray no 149. Seen on Ebay

1881 mixed frank cover from Brisbane to Germany. Seen at Prestige Philately auction no 214 lot no 508

1d and 6d dated Toowoomba 16 April 188- to Ireland. Seen on Ebay

Brisbane to England dated 24 December 1880. Seen in a private collection

6d green cover from Hughenden dated 21 January 1882 to Dorsetshire, England. Seen in Tasmanian Stamp auctions 

From Brisbane dated 6 March 1882 to New York, USA, via San Francisco and franked 5 x 2d and 6d, representing the 1/4d double rates. Has a 25mm circular 'PAID/ALL' handstamp and New York Paid All arrival ds on reverse. Seen at Millennium auction no 62


Brisbane cover dated 13 May 1882 to Germany "Via Brindisi" with Chalon 3d + Sidefaces 1d, 2d & 6d - overpaying the 9d rate - all tied by BN '258' with very fine 'FORTITUDE VALLEY/+QUEENSLAND+' cd below, very fine 'BRISBANE/ J /=QUEENSLAND=' & Brindisi b/s and superb 'WIESBADEN' arrival b/s. Seen at Mossgreen Auction no 157 lot no 482

Brisbane to Scotland dated 8 December 1880 with 1 x 6d 1st Sideface

4d 1st Sideface on covers

Here are 1st sideface covers with 4d stamps. For other covers with other values and for information on postal rates and sea routes, see here


1882 (23 Aug.) envelope from Clermont to London, bearing 4d. orange-yellow pair unusually cancelled with circular datestamps, possibly as a numeral obliterator was not available, and showing "registered/clermont" handstamp at left partially over-cancelled by Plymouth Registered oval d.s. (2.11), the reverse (flap missing) with Rockhampton (6.8) and London (3.11) c.d.s.; a most attractive cover sent via the Long Sea Route and unusually routed through Plymouth. Auctioned by Spink in October 2012 here 


1882 (25 Oct.) envelope from Normanton "via Torres Straits" to London, bearing 4d. orange-yellow and 6d. green most unusually cancelled by "registered/normanton." in red and by London Registered oval d.s. (27.12), despatch c.d.s. at foot; an early example of the new registration handstamp being used as a cancellation, and the only example recorded struck in red. Auctioned by Spink in October 2012 here


1883 (18 Aug.) envelope from Charters Towers "via Torres Straits & Brindisi" to London, bearing 4d. yellow (2) and 1882-91 2d. blue and 6d. green cancelled "165" with "registered/charters towers" handstamp alongside, despatch and London Registered (1.10) datestamps at foot, the reverse with Townsville (18.8) and London Registered (1.10) datestamps; a most attractive double rate franking combining 1st and 2nd sideface issues. Auctioned by Spink in October 2012 here


Registered Mail1883 (21 Sept.) envelope from Rishton to a gunmaker in Lynsday, Canada, bearing 2d. blue (3) and 4d. yellow (2) cancelled by sunburst "119" (rated RRR by Manning) with c.d.s. below and "registered/rishton" handstamp alongside, the reverse with Charters Towers, Townsville, Liverpool, New York and Buffalo datestamps. A franking illustrating the double registration fee applied to mail to Canada via London, and the cover proving the tie of "119" to Rishton. Auctioned by Spink in October 2012 here

Letter to England. Dated Tiaro, 5 January 1880

26 January 1880 mourning envelope from Stanthorpe to England, bearing 4d. orange-yellow pair cancelled by ''163'' numeral

From Surat to Ireland with a 4d yellow 1st sideface and 2 x 6d green 2nd sideface stamps. Appears to be dated 1882 and cancelled with numeral 110

2 x 4d. Date stamped Aramac 11 February 1880. Seen at Prestige Philately auction no 161 lot no 364


Dated 13 February 1882. Bogantungan to Liverpool, England. Seen on Stampboards


Dated 5 August 1880. A very unusual combined franking. Seen on Stampboards


 9d to England. Ex Weytenburg

THURSDAY ISLAND: 1880 cover to France with First Sideface 4d pair (creased before being affixed) tied by poor strikes of the rare Rays '51' in red, largely fine strike of 'THURSDAY ISLAND/JY19/80/+ QUEENSLAND +' cds also in red, Brisbane & London transit b/s, poor French 'ANGL' cds in red on the face, 'PARIS A BREST' TPO transit & 'MORLAIX' arrival b/s. Seen at Prestige Philately auction no 132 lot no 234

1884 (Apr.1) ARAMAC to England cover endorsed 'via Brindisi' bearing 2d+4d tied by BO "198" paying the rate introduced in Jan.1884. This is a late usage for the 4d as the second sideface 4d was already in circulation by this date

1882 (Mar.3) use of 4d Yellow horizontal pair on double rate cover from Brisbane to G.B., endorsed "Via Orient Steamer" and with London arrival cds of April 22nd. [Brisbane to Sydney via coastal steamer; from Sydney by "Potosi" via Plymouth]

1883 from Brisbane to Ireland via Torres Strait

To England bearing a 4d 1st sideface and a 2d 2nd sideface


1882 (Aug.9) long OHMS cover addressed to Chinchilla franked 4d QV Sideface cancelled with black crayon lines alongside Brisbane duplex. Struck at upper left with straigh line 'MISSENT' together with CHARLEVILLE datestamp of 13 Aug, the earliest recorded example of this instructional marking


Cover from Roma to the Commissioner for Railways dated 15 March 1883. Tied with a 4d yellow. Seen in a private collection

Rockhampton to Brisbane dated 26 April 1881. Seen on the Queensland Stamp Collecting Facebook group

Paid all to New York from Brisbane dated November 1881. Seen on the Queensland Stamp Collecting Facebook group

Seen in a private collection


 Seen in a private collection