Sunday, July 26, 2015

1d. stamp duty sub-types

The 1d. stamp duty plate is composed of 30 quadruple electros. The quadruple die was derived directly from the original die without any re-engraving, Each quadruple electro (mould / cliché) has 4 sub-types

Ken Scudder lists a number of distinguishing features. The most prominent are as follows:


Type 1
  • break in the triangle in the lower right corner
  • top right corner frame is notched, same as Type 4 but slightly smaller
  • Break in second line above ‘ E ‘ of ONE
  • white dot in the top left spandrel
Type 2
  • none
Type 3
  • Top left corner has a very slight outward projection
Type 4
  • break in the lower frame between 'E' of one and 'P' of penny
  • both top frames have square notches in them
In the two proof blocks below I have highlighted the distinguishing features in red circles. The most obvious identifying feature is the break in the lower frame between 'E' of one and 'P' of penny in Type 4. The only way to determine Type 2 is the absence of the features in the other Types.

At the top right corner of some stamps a vertical white line joins the inner white frame lines. It is probable that  a second die was made from the first electro of 4 stamps that was produced. Both of these were then used to create further quadruple electros, similar to what was done for the 1d postage sideface issue. In one die the break is present, but missing in the second type. Both dies would be very similar as they would have been from the same original die.



The order here is 1/2 on the top row and 3/4 on the bottom row. Seen at Millennium Philatelic auction no 48 lot no 103

The order here is 3/4 on the top row and 1/2 on the bottom row. Seen in a private collection

Alan Griffith notes that the printed stamps often demonstrate symptoms of over inking and this may be attributable to the fact that the paper initially used - Crown over Q Type I - was not quite suitable for this new form of letterpress printing. The somewhat looser texture of the paper, which was not adequately sized, allowed the ink to permeate the surface. This can obscure some of the identifying features described above in the proof impressions which were on thin card and not the watermarked paper.

Tuesday, July 21, 2015

Queensland 1d. stamp duty - varieties and plate flaws

In his book, "Queensland Postage Stamps 1879 to 1912", Ken Scudder lists a  number of constant flaws, with their positions on the sheet, as follows:
  • no. 2 Small coloured dot within a small white area on top of the Queen's head
  • no. 39 Weak shading line behind the chignon, just above the level of "D" of "DUTY" (example shown)
  • no. 56 Solid double dot of colour with a smaller dot to its left between "ONE" and "PENNY" (example shown)
  • no. 65 Heavy shading line behind the neck, level with the top of the "U" of "DUTY" (example shown)
  • no. 105 Horizontal scratch through 2nd "N" of "QUEENSLAND", over left half of design only (example shown)
  • no. 106 A shorter, wider scratch on the right of design only, ending in a white flaw on the base of the "T" of "STAMP". In pair with scratch on No. 105. Also has an original frame break in the horizontal part of the top right spandrel outer line (example shown)
  • no. 112 Small elongated coloured spot within a small white area on back of neck just below the hair line (example shown)
  • a white flaw joins the left leg of the 2nd "N" of "QUEENSLAND" to the oval above. Position on the sheet is not known (example shown)
There are also a number of non-constant flaws
  • a triple lower frame break. Position on the sheet is not known (example shown)
  • White oval-shaped mark top right corner, white dot on the inner oval under the 'U' of duty. Position on the sheet is not known (example shown)
  • Cracked electro at top of neck (example shown)


A white flaw joins the left leg of the 2nd "N" of QUEENSLAND" to the oval above. Position on the sheet is not known. Ex Alan Griffith



A white flaw joins the left leg of the 2nd "N" of QUEENSLAND" to the oval above. Position on the sheet is not known. From the collection of Dave Elsmore


A white flaw joins the left leg of the 2nd "N" of QUEENSLAND" to the oval above. Position on the sheet is not known. Ex Ron Butler


Scratched plate. From a proof sheet (row 11, stamps 5 and 6) in the collection of Ken Scudder. One (A) extends from the left of frame through the 'N' of Queensland to just past the crown, and the other (B) extends halfway from the crown to the 'T' of stamp



No. 105 Horizontal scratch through 2nd "N" of "QUEENSLAND", over left half of design only. From the collection of Dave Elsmore



No. 105 Horizontal scratch through 2nd "N" of "QUEENSLAND", over left half of design only. From my collection



No. 105 Horizontal scratch through 2nd "N" of "QUEENSLAND", over left half of design only. From my collection


No. 106 A shorter, wider scratch on the right of design only, ending in a white flaw on the base of the "T" of "STAMP". From the collection of Dave Elsmore



A triple lower frame break (white vertical line between the 'P' and 'E' of penny. From the collection of Dave Elsmore



No. 56 Solid double dot of colour with a smaller dot to its left between "ONE" and "PENNY". From my collection

No. 65 Heavy shading line behind the neck, level with the top of the "U" of "DUTY", From my collection

White oval-shaped mark top right corner, white dot on the inner oval under the 'U' of duty. Position on the sheet is not known. From my collection

No. 39 Weak shading line behind the chignon, just above the level of "D" of "DUTY". From a proof sheet in the collection of Ken Scudder

No. 39 Weak shading line behind the chignon, just above the level of "D" of "DUTY". From my collection


No. 112 Small elongated coloured spot within a small white area on back of neck just below the hair line. From a proof sheet in the collection of Ken Scudder



Cracked electro at top of neck. From the collection of Dave Elsmore


Photocopy of varieites and plate flaws from Ken Scudder's collection

Queensland 1d. stamp duty - multiples

Multiples of the 1d. stamp duty, be they fiscal or mint, are very rare. Here are some of them


Block of 10, fiscally used. From the collection of Dave Elsmore

Block of 8, fiscally used. Seen in a private collection


Block of 4,mint. Seen in a private collection


Block of 4, fiscally used. Seen in a private collection


Block of 4, fiscally used. From the collection of Dave Elsmore


Block of 4 mint. From the L'Estrange collection at the Queensland Museum 


Mint strip of 4. From the collection of Dave Elsmore 

Strip of 4 mint. From the L'Estrange collection at the Queensland Museum 

A block of 8. From Ken Scudder's collection


Triplet, fiscally used. From my collection


Pair, mint with gum. From my collection

Saturday, July 18, 2015

Queensland 1d. stamp duty specimen handstamps

For general information on the specimen handstamps for the first sideface stamps see here.


Kenneth Scudder in his book "Queensland Postage Stamps 1879 to 1912", lists a number of specimen handstamps found in Queensland. Two types have been seen on the 1d. duty stamp, one being seen by Scudder and one not. All three examples seen by me come from the collection of Dave Elsmore. One is an imperforate proof and the others are perforated. The specimen handstamps are: 
  • Scudder Type 3bCapitals sans-serif, 15 mm x 2 mm in black ink
  • Capitals sans-serif, 17 mm x 3 mm in black ink

Scudder type 3b, capitals sans serif 15 x 2 mm in black horizontally. Violet. Proof. Thin unwatermarked card. No gum. From the collection of Dave Elsmore

Scudder type 3b, capitals sans serif 15 x 2 mm in black horizontally. Violet. Type 1 wmk. From the collection of Dave Elsmore

Capitals sans serif 17 x 3 mm in black horizontally. Violet. The gum is weeping thorough the perfs making them look rusty but it is in fact discoloured gum From the collection of Dave Elsmore

Saturday, July 11, 2015

Queensland 1d. Specimen handstamps

Here are some examples of the 1d. specimen handstamps. For general information on the specimen and cancelled handstamps see here 

When it comes to specimen examples, this issue is more complex than the other denominations in this series. It is the only one that has specimen handstamps on imperforate issues and there also exist manuscript specimen cancellations.

Kenneth Scudder in his book "Queensland Postage Stamps 1879 to 1912", lists a number of specimen handstamps found on this issue. They are:
  • Type 1. Capitals sans-serif, 21 mm x 2.5 mm. Known in black and violet, diagonally up from left to right. Scudder notes that the these examples would have been handstamped after November 1880. Reddish brown shades. Seen on perforated issues only
  • Type 2. Roman capitals, 23.5 mm x 3.25 mm. Known in black and Red (one example in Scudder's book), diagonally up from left to right. It was introduced in mid to late 1880. Vermilion / Scarlet shades. Seen on perforated issues only
  • Type 3. Capitals sans-serif, 15 mm x 2 mm. Known from one example in red on an imperforate stamp with a vermilion / scarlet shade. It is thought to have been introduced around 1880
  • Manuscript cancellations known in black and violet, diagonally up from left to right on perforated issues. Scudder notes that an inverted violet example is also known but this has not been seen by me. According to Scudder these manuscript cancellations are on the the 1st watermark issues. A manuscript cancellation with the word S is also known on an imperforate proof
Type 3 is the most rare, with only one copy known. I have only seen one example of Type 2 in red. Type 2 is less common that type 1 in black. No multiples have been seen for type 2

Type 1

Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. 2nd wmk. No gum. Reddish brown. From my collection

Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. 2nd wmk. Gum. Paler reddish brown. From my collection


Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. 2nd wmk. Gum. Paler reddish brown. From my collection


Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. 2nd wmk. No gum. Reddish brown. From my collection


Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. Reddish brown. Seen in a private collection

Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. Reddish brown. Seen at Phoenix auctions


Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. Reddish brown. Ex Manning

Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. 2nd wmk. No gum. Reddish brown. Courtesy of Dave Elsmore


Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. 2nd wmk. Reddish brown. Seen at Status Stamps auctions 2015

Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. 2nd wmk. No gum. Reddish brown.Courtesy of Dave Elsmore


Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. Reddish brown. Seen on Ebay


Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. 2nd wmk. Gum. Reddish brown. From the collection of Carl Burnett


Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. Reddish brown


Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. Reddish brown. Ex Butler


Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. Reddish brown. Seen in Philas auction no 125

Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. Reddish brown. Seen in Philas auction no 125

Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. Reddish brown. Seen on Ebay

Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. Reddish brown. Seen in Philas auction no 125


Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. Reddish brown. Seen at Spink auction no 16030 lot no 1154


Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in violet diagonal upwards from left to right. Ex Manning


Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in violet diagonal upwards from left to right. Seen in Philas auction no 125

Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in violet diagonal upwards from left to right. Seen in Philas auction no 125 


Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in violet diagonal upwards from left to right. Reddish brown. Ex Butler


Scudder type 1 Sans serif capitals 21 x 2.5 mm in violet diagonal upwards from left to right. Reddish brown. Watermark 2. Gummed. From my collection

Type 2

Scudder type 2, Roman numeral capitals 23.5 x 3.25 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. 2nd wmk. No gum. Pale vermilion. From my collection


Scudder type 2, Roman numeral capitals 23.5 x 3.25 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. 2nd wmk. Gum. Brownish vermilion. From my collection

Scudder type 2, Roman numeral capitals 23.5 x 3.25 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. 2nd wmk. Seen on Ebay

Scudder type 2, Roman numeral capitals 23.5 x 3.25 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. 2nd wmk. No gum. Scarlet / vermilion. From the collection of Carl Burnett

Scudder type 2, Roman numeral capitals 23.5 x 3.25 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. 2nd wmk. Gum. Pale vermilion. Courtesy of Dave Elsmore

Scudder type 2, Roman numeral capitals 23.5 x 3.25 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. 2nd wmk. Gum. Pale vermilion. Courtesy of Dave Elsmore

Scudder type 2, Roman numeral capitals 23.5 x 3.25 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. 2nd wmk. Gum. Vermilion. From the collection of Carl Burnett

Scudder type 2, Roman numeral capitals 23.5 x 3.25 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. Gum. Scarlet. Ex Manning

Scudder type 2, Roman numeral capitals 23.5 x 3.25 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. Vermilion. Ex Butler


Scudder type 2, Roman numeral capitals 23.5 x 3.25 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. Vermilion. Seen at Status Stamps auctions


Scudder type 2, Roman numeral capitals 23.5 x 3.25 mm in black diagonal upwards from left to right. 2nd wmk. Gummed. Scarlet / vermilion. From my collection

Scudder type 2, Roman numeral capitals 23.5 x 3.25 mm in red diagonal upwards from left to right. Bright vermilion. Scudder, p. 43

Type 3

Scudder type 3, capitals sans serif 15 x 2 mm in red horizontally. Bright Vermilion. Thin unwatermarked paper. No gum. From the collection of Dave Elsmore

Manuscript Cancellations


Manuscript cancellation in violet ink diagonally upwards. Orange brown. Seen in Philas Auction no 125

Manuscript cancellation in violet ink diagonally upwards. Orange brown. Seen in Philas Auction no 125

Manuscript cancellation in violet ink diagonally upwards. Dull Orange brown. Die 1. 2nd wmk. Seen at Status Stamps auctions

Manuscript cancellation in violet ink diagonally upwards. Gum. Orange brown. Ex Butler and Griffith

Manuscript cancellation in violet ink diagonally upwards. Orange brown. Ex Butler and Griffith


Manuscript cancellation in violet ink diagonally upwards. Orange brown. Gum. From the collection of Carl Burnett

Manuscript cancellation in violet ink diagonally upwards. Orange brown. Gum. Ex Manning


Manuscript cancellation in violet ink diagonally upwards. Gum. Orange brown. Ex McCredie

Manuscript cancellation "S" in black ink horizontally on an imperforate proof. Reddish brown. No wmk. 1880 in pencil on the back. Scudder, p. 365

The examples from Dave Elsmore and Carl Burnett are from the Queensland Stamp Collecting Facebook Group